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A Guide to Gouldian Finches - Milton Lewis, Dr. Rob Marshall, Dr. Terry Martin, and Ron Tristram.
This complete revision features concise information on Gouldian Finches in the Wild and in Captivity, including Housing, Nutrition, Breeding, Mutation and Color Breeding, Health and Disease. Supported by over 330 images, including an extensive selection of mutations. 148 Pages Soft back.
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A Guide to Gouldian Finches and their Mutations

CONTENTS
CONTRIBUTING AUTHORS7
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS9
INTRODUCTION9
THE GOULDIAN FINCH IN THE WILD10
Introduction11
Taxonomy11
Status12
Population Monitoring13
Distribution14
Field Description of the Wild Gouldian Finch
   Tropical SummeróWet Season, Summer Food,
   Tropical WinteróDry Season, Breeding in the Wild, Moult
15
The Future of the Wild Gouldian Finch23
THE GOULDIAN FINCH IN CAPTIVITY25
HOUSING26
Colony Housing26
Susceptibility to the Effects of Cold and Wet Conditions27
Housing in Temperate Regions 28
Housing in Tropical Regions 28
Indoor Housing in Cooler Regions 29
Housing Structures
   Conventional Aviaries, Suspended Cages and Aviaries,
   Cabinet and Cage Breeding, Holding Cages
29
Building Materials 32
Substrate 32
Nesting Receptacles 33
Feed Stations
   Water
34
Perches 35
Temperature and Humidity Control 35
Human Disturbance 36
Transportation 36
Carry Boxes 37
Quarantine 37
NUTRITION 38
Introduction 38
Protein 39
Minerals
   Grit
39
Vitamins 40
Carbohydrates 40
Fats 41
Nutritional Supplements 41
Dietary Cycles 41
Moult Diet 41
Non-breeding Diet 42
Pre-breeding Diet 42
Breeding Diet 43
Softfoods, Soaked and Sprouted Seeds
   Softfoods, Soaked and Sprouted SeedóSoaked Seed Process,
   Sprouted Seed Process
43
Dry Seed
   Purchasing Seed, Seed Storage
46
Water 47
BREEDING47
Introduction 47
Selecting Stock 48
Establishing Breeding Pairs 49
Line Breeding 50
Incompatibility 52
Courtship Behaviour 52
Nest Preparation 53
Egg Laying and Incubation 54
Nestlings
   Nestlings on the Floor
54
Fledglings 55
Moult 55
Foster-parenting
   Bengalese Finches as Foster-parents,
   Gouldian Finches as Foster-parents, Fostering Method
56
Record Keeping 59
Breeding MutationsóConsiderations 59
Health Difficulties in Mutations 61
MUTATIONS AND COLOUR BREEDING62
Breeding Head Colours 63
Mating Expectations 63
TABLE OF MATING EXPECTATIONS 64
MUTATIONS 68
Blue 68
Seagreen 68
Sex-linked Pastel (Yellow-backed) 68
Dilute-backed 71
Australian Yellow 71
White-breasted 72
Lilac-breasted 72
Weak Mutations 73
RECESSIVE INHERITANCE TABLE 73
COLOUR MUTATIONS, GENETIC INHERITANCE & GENE ACTION 74
Which Head Colour is Wildtype? 74
PIGMENTATION AND COLOUR PRODUCTION 75
Head 77
Neck 77
Back and Wings 78
Rump and Tail 78
Breast 78
Belly 78
MUTATIONS79
HEAD COLOURS 79
Black-headed 79
Yellow-headed 80
BODY COLOUR 82
Blue 82
Seagreen 83
Sex-linked Pastel (Yellow-backed) 84
Dilute-backed 89
Yellow (Australian Yellow) 91
White-breasted 93
Lilac-breasted 96
RARE MUTATIONS 97
Blue-breasted 97
Cinnamon 98
Japanese 'Red-eye Factor' (Fallow) 98
Lutino 99
Dark Factor 101
'Lime' 102
Turquoise ('Australian Blue') 103
'Dilute' 104
'Grey Factor' 104
'White-wing' 104
COLOUR COMBINATIONS 105
White-breasted Combinations 109
Halfsiders 116
Melanism 117
GLOSSARY OF TERMS 118
HEALTH AND DISEASE 120
Introduction 121
Health and Happiness in the Gouldian Finch
   Essentials of Gouldian happiness
121
Natural Behaviour and Health 122
General Susceptibility to Disease 122
Critical Periods for Gouldian Health
   Nestlings, Juveniles, Breeding Birds, Identifying Weak Individuals
123
DISEASE PREVENTION124
Control of Mites and Lice 124
Worming 125
Coccidiosis Protection 125
Disease Prevention for Juvenile Gouldians 125
DIAGNOSIS OF DISEASES 126
Dropping Analysis 126
Antibiotics 127
Emergency First Aid 127
Earliest Symptoms of Illness
   Tired Eyes (Lazy Eyelids), Inactivity, Change in Feather Colour,
   Fluffed-up Appearance, Droppings, Heavy Breathing,
   Hunched Appearance, Symptoms of Cold Stress, Noisy Respiration
128
Symptomatic Conditions and Treatments 129
Droppings
   Size, Colour, Dirty Vent, Smell, Diarrhoea,
   Seed in Droppings
129
Feather Loss
   On the Head, Around the Eye, Wing or Tail Feathers
131
Feet Problems 131
Beak Abnormalities 132
Beak Scratching 132
Eye Symptoms 132
Breathing Difficulties
   Coughing or Sneezing, Respiratory Symptoms and Deaths,
   Respiratory Symptoms Associated with Vomiting,
   Respiratory Symptoms Failing to Respond to Antibiotic Treatment
132
Going Light 133
Vomiting 133
Head Twirling and Stargazing 133
Breeding Symptoms
   Dead-in-Shell and Infertility, Stunted and Dying Nestlings,
   Sick and Dying Juveniles
133
DISEASES AND DISORDERS 135
Aspergillosis 135
Moulding Disease (Aflatoxicosis) 135
Campylobacter Infection 136
Coccidiosis 137
E. coli Infection 137
Megabacteria Infection (Avian Gastric Yeast) 138
Mite and Lice Infestations
   Blood-sucking Mites, Epidermoptic Mites, Air Sac Mites
139
Ornithosis (Chlamydophila) Infection 140
Polyomavirus 142
Salmonella Infection 143
Streptococcal Infection 144
Thrush (Candidiasis) 145
Cochlosoma 146
Worms
   Tapeworm (Cestodes)
147
Yersinia Infection 148
BIBLIOGRAPHY 149

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